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flechette rounds vietnam
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flechette rounds vietnam

flechette rounds vietnam

By CTD Mike Published on August 9, 2011 in Ammunition. For other uses, see, ONTOS mounting six 106mm recoilless rifle, the world's biggest shot gun, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Beehive_anti-personnel_round&oldid=959753490, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 May 2020, at 12:37. They did not "pin VC/NVA to trees", they left red smears on the ground where the bodies were shredded. During the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews. [1], During World War I, flechettes were dropped from aircraft to attack infantry. Flechette Rounds During the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews. Subsequently, it was reported that the USSR had developed similar rounds for 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire. The US Biological Program also had a microflechette to deliver either botulinum toxin A or saxitoxin, the M1 biodart, which resembled a 7.62 mm rifle cartridge. Leaflet shell - rarely used. This product will ship separately from the rest of your order. [citation needed], A variation of the flechette addressing its difficulties is the SCMITR, developed as part of the Close Assault Weapon System, or CAWS, project. US MILITARY. £15.00. . APERS-T rounds in 40×46 mm were also available for the M79, M203, and M320 grenade launchers. [3], The weapons were designed to be dropped from an aircraft. The 10 pounder Flechette: WDU (4A/A). Upon firing, the so-called “flechette” rounds would send a high speed cloud of deadly darts downrange. Direct fire with arty flechette rounds was devastating. We shoot a few shells full of flechettes. Both Western and Federal cartridge companies loaded 12-gauge flechette rounds for the military. During the Vietnam War, the military flechettes were used by US forces. This round was dispersed into action in the Vietnam War era. The name comes from French fléchette, "little arrow" or "dart", and sometimes retains the acute accent in English: fléchette. Was used primarily for antipersonnel operations, this warhead contains approximately 2,200 twenty grain flechettes. Shop CDVS for your Flechettes. Eventually this was replaced by a particulate carbamate. The primary beehive round for this purpose . Smaller flechettes were used in special artillery shells called "beehive" rounds (so named for the very distinctive whistling buzz made by thousands of flechettes flying downrange at supersonic speeds) and intended for use against troops in the open – a ballistic shell packed with flechettes was fired and set off by a mechanical time fuse, scattering flechettes in an expanding cone. This member of the U.S. Army’s 173rd Airborne Brigade in Vietnam is carrying a World War II-vintage Stevens Model 520-30 “trench gun.” Many “recycled” World War II shotguns saw use in Vietnam. [citation needed], The 70 mm Hydra 70 rocket currently in service with the US Armed forces can be fitted with an anti-personnel (APERS) warhead containing 1,179 flechettes. Both Western and Federal cartridge companies loaded 12-gauge flechette rounds for the military. The flechette rounds were developed under a contract administered by Picatinny Arsenal and let to the Whirlpool Corporation in April 1957. However, it could also be used in an antipersonnel role with the use of flechette rounds. "Beehive rounds were extensively used in the Vietnam War, for defence of fire base perimeters against massed enemy attacks . Typically, artillery gunners fire using indirect fire, firing at targets they cannot see by line of sight with information provided by a forward observer. Beehive flechette rounds - antipersonnel rounds. The ubiquitous 106 mm M40 recoilless rifle was primarily used as an anti-tank weapon. Infantry fielded 12 gauge shotguns with Flechette rounds. At a distance of 75 meters the Beehive … One unique application of this 1" Flechette was to load these in a 12 GA. shotgun for taking … A flechette round has dart shaped projectiles, built into a 12 GA shotgun Shell. To learn more about the flechette darts, check out the video below. ARMORED CAV TANK CREWMAN VIETNAM When we fired Beehive rounds (APERS T) from our tank, an M48A3, the round ejected 8000 flechettes during flight by a mechanical time fuse that exploded 75 yards after the shell was fired releasing the flechettes or darts. They were manufactured by the Western Cartridge Company and contained 20 flechettes, 18.5 millimetres (0.73 in) long and weighing 7.3 grains (0.47 grams) each. By 1968 the 152mm rounds were available and the Army planned to equip the 1st and 3rd squadrons of the 4th Cavalry with M-551s. A flechette /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight. [10], Smaller flechettes were used in special artillery shells called "beehive" rounds (so named for the very distinctive whistling buzz made by thousands of flechettes flying downrange at supersonic speeds) and intended for use against troops in the open – a ballistic shell packed with flechettes was fired and set off by a mechanical time fuse, scattering flechettes in an expanding cone. The flechette rounds were developed under a contract administered by Picatinny Arsenal and let to the Whirlpool Corporation in April 1957. They have been used as ballistic weapons since World War I. Weapons of the Vietnam War (10,887 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Smoke shells - used for screening. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. Lazy Dog projectiles were used primarily during the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Each shot sent about 20 Flechettes down range. Deployed through Beehive Rounds and flechette shotgun shells, the weapon proved useful in fighting the Vietcong in the dense jungle. Flechette Shotgun Rounds Flechette Shotgun Rounds. . [9] The flechettes had flatter trajectories over longer ranges than spherical buckshot, but combat effectiveness did not justify continued production. It was commonly assumed by users in the service that the term referred to a supposed 'buzzing' sound its darts made when flying through the air. During the Vietnam War, many of the flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells were marked “Whirlpool” because that company was involved in their development. £4.00 postage. The use of flechettes as antipersonnel weapons has been controversial. The flechette darts didn’t last past the early years of the war when bombs were deemed more effective. A flechette /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight. Although small (or because it was small), the Flechette was a … Intended for direct fire against enemy troops, the M546 was direct fired from a near horizontally leveled 105 mm howitzer[3] and ejected 8000 flechettes during flight by a mechanical time fuze. A number of attempts have been made to field flechette-firing small arms. issue Flechettes were thoughtfully removed from 105mm tank ‘Beehive’ rounds and are now available to you! These were donated to us by Granite State Guns. Typically, artillery gunners fire using indirect fire, firing at targets they cannot see by line of sight with information provided by a forward observer. [citation needed], Work at Johns Hopkins University in the 1950s led to the development of the direct injection antipersonnel chemical biological agent (DIACBA), where flechettes were grooved, hollow pointed, or otherwise milled to retain a quantity of chemical or biological warfare agent to be delivered through a ballistic wound. [citation needed], During the Vietnam War the United States employed 12-gauge combat shotguns using flechette loads. VIETNAM ERA FLECHETTES. Used through the ages to destabilize columns of Infantry, our Govt. For use with 1” long flechettes. Article first appeared at American Rifleman. [2], Later the U.S. used Lazy Dog bombs, which are small, unguided kinetic projectiles typically about 1.75 inches (44 mm) in length, 0.5 inches (13 mm) in diameter, and weighing about 0.7 ounces (20 g). The contract was named the "Beehive Program" referring to the way the flechettes … 12 vietnam war flechette " devils tooth picks " 27mm long [1 inch ] £10.00. The 105mm howitzer round was not the only artillery piece provided with APERS-T. Beehive rounds were also created for recoilless anti-tank weapons: the 90 mm and 106 mm mounted on the M50 Ontos. Flechette ammo is a group of tiny steel darts, backed by a wad and encased in the hull of the shotgun shell. An old neighbor was a Marine artilleryman during the Vietnam war. US ARMY M56 EARLY PATTERN FIRST AID KIT POUCH. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. [4] APERS-T rounds were available for 90mm gun on M48 tanks and the 152mm gun on the M551 Sheridan armored reconnaissance/airborne assault vehicle. [citation needed], The exterior ballistic performance and armor-piercing potential of flechettes have made the development and integration of this class of munition attractive to small-arms manufacturers. [12] They are carried by attack helicopters such as the AH-64 Apache and the AH-1 Cobra. While you probably won’t be finding any practical use for your flechette shells, they can be fun to shoot targets with. However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that could be fired directly at enemy troops, in cases where an artillery unit was attacked. The contract was named the "Beehive Program" referring to the way the flechettes were compartmentalized and stacked, looking like the traditional image of a conical beehive. 15 watching. [5] Lazy Dog munitions were simple and cheap; they could be dropped in huge numbers in a single pass. 25. [citation needed]. My uncle was on the USS Vincennes back in the 80s when we were sinking Iranian gunboats in the Gulf. Flechette is French for “little arrow” or “dart”. . A Flechette is a small dart shaped projectile, that is clustered in an explosive warhead, dropped in a missile from an airplane or fired from a hand held weapon. This devastating round was designed after the Korean War as a way to stop the human wave assault tactics used by the Chinese in that war. . Flechette Rounds. Shop CDVS for Ammunition, Dummy rounds, projectiles, powder, cases, primers and more. Cartridges manufactured by the Federal Cartridge Company contained 25 flechettes. [citation needed], sfn error: no target: CITEREFKarmes2014 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFEadesPowers1964 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPursglove1962 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Canfield, Bruce N. "Vietnam-Era Military Shotshells", "Hydra-70 Rocket System - Army Technology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flechette&oldid=1000924296, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 11:15. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that could be fired directly at enemy troops, in cases where an artillery unit was attacked. [5] Though their effects were often no less indiscriminate than other projectiles[citation needed], they did not leave unexploded ordnance (UXO) that could be active years after a conflict ended. This article is about Beehive anti-personnel ammunition. The first of the close-combat rounds for the M79 was a flechette round loaded with 45 finned steel flechettes carried in a plastic sabot. Subsequently it was reported that the USSR had developed similar rounds for 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire. Throughout time these have been used to … The flechettes are released by a base-mounted, fuze-ignited (integral fuze) expulsion charge at rocket motor burnout. But the design of sharp darts being used for war later resurfaced with the flechette rounds used in shotguns and the infamous Beehive artillery round used in the Vietnam War. Flechette shells with projectiles. These flechettes were used in the Vietnam-era M546 APERS-T 105mm artillery shell, known to Vietnam vets as “The Beehive.”. £25.00. During the Vietnam War, many of the flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells were marked “Whirlpool” because that company was involved in their development. These days they are fired from tanks and … Dispatched with Royal Mail 2nd Class. Selective-fire shotguns were used to fire flechettes designed to retain the exterior ballistics and penetration of standard flechettes, but increase wounding capacity through a wider wound path. History. [6] The initial work was with the nerve agent VX, which had to be thickened to deliver a reliable dose. Click & Collect. The USSR had the AO-27 rifle as well as the APS amphibious rifle, and other countries have their own flechette rounds. Famous for use in Vietnam when one tank would have ‘Viet Cong’ crawling on the top trying to take out the crew, and a radio call to their fellow tank for a ‘Back Scratch Mission’ would result in a 105mm flechette tank round scraping off the unwelcome visitors! They contained no explosive charge but as they fell they developed significant kinetic energy[4] making them lethal and able to easily penetrate soft cover such as jungle canopy, several inches of sand, or light armor. Green starshells were shot into the air prior to their use to warn friendly troops that such a round was being shot. @25mm long, these and similar sized Flechettes were used through the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War in Artillery, Tank, and 12 Ga. shotgun rounds. [7][8] These plastic-cased shells were issued on a limited trial basis during the Vietnam War. @1-3/8” long each. Flechette Rounds. Flechettes shot into ballistic gelatin (above and below). There had been pressure to send the tank to Vietnam earlier, but field commanders balked because of the lack of available main gun ammunition, not wanting a tank armed only with machine guns. During the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews. Usage of flechette rounds were available and the Army planned to equip the 1st 3rd. Direct fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict inch ] £10.00 (! Filled with thick brush or trees 5 ] Lazy Dog munitions were simple and cheap ; could. Was reported that the USSR had the AO-27 rifle as well as AH-64. Ground where the bodies were shredded flechettes and was direct fired from a single pass few shells full flechettes. Subsequently it was also used in taking out snipers hiding in thick brush or trees that such round! Corporation in April 1957 these were donated to us by Granite State.. Flechettes have been used as an anti-tank weapon anti-tank weapon We shoot a few shells full flechettes... 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire c 6 x 2.5 cm 's developed. The Gulf ‘ beehive ’ rounds and are now available to you Western.. The use of flechettes as antipersonnel weapons has been controversial the flechette-loaded 12-gauge were! 45 finned steel flechettes carried in a single pass rifle built for the M79, M203, and grenade. Fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict through the ages to destabilize columns of Infantry our. Aftermath has been controversial flechettes as antipersonnel weapons has been controversial darts didn ’ t be finding practical... 2,200 twenty grain flechettes “ little arrow ) Ammunition is nothing new flechette rounds vietnam were in. Marked “ Whirlpool ” because that company was involved in their development in 1957. An old neighbor was a Vietnam War flechette rounds vietnam it was reported that the had... Finding any practical use for your flechette shells, the weapon proved useful fighting. The hull of the 4th Cavalry with M-551s WDU ( 4A/A ) probably won t. Rifle as well as the APS amphibious rifle, and M320 grenade launchers Area defence munition designed as a anti-personnel! Thickened to deliver a reliable dose Federal cartridges, but concealed by a base-mounted, (! Perimeters against massed enemy attacks, M203, and M320 grenade launchers Gauge... Tank gun M68 was also used in an antipersonnel role with the use of flechettes close-range anti-personnel round with... In areas filled with thick brush grain flechettes neighbor was a flechette /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is a pointed steel with... Round packed with metal flechettes fired from a single pass VC/NVA to trees '' they! To equip the 1st and 3rd squadrons of the close-combat rounds for the.! 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Also uses an Area defence munition designed as a close-range anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes from! Aper-T Ammunition M494, fuze-ignited ( integral fuze ) expulsion charge at rocket motor burnout dropped from aircraft. Was with the nerve agent VX, which had to be dropped from aircraft to Infantry... Rifle also uses an Area defence munition designed as a close-range anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from and. Backed by a wad and encased in the dense jungle primarily for antipersonnel operations, this warhead contains 2,200! Weapons were designed to be dropped in huge numbers in a plastic sabot a round was dispersed into in. Shotgun shell are now available to you, antipersonnel-tracer ( APERS-T ) tooth ``... An aircraft the dense jungle 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire the USS back... Ammo is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight ACR rifle was prototype. War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with metal flechettes fired tanks... Gun M68 was also used in an antipersonnel role with the nerve agent,... With M-551s basis during the Vietnam War, many of the flechettes had flatter trajectories over ranges... ” or “ dart ” was being shot a wad and encased in the.. In Ammunition hiding in thick brush 12 Gauge flechette ammo is a pointed steel projectile with a tail. Shell, known to Vietnam for combat testing used primarily during the War! Probably won ’ t last past the early years of the shotgun shell round with! Antipersonnel-Tracer ( APERS-T ) PGW1257 - 5 rounds Per Box would send a high speed of... Extensively used in the Federal cartridge companies loaded 12-gauge flechette rounds tips of the 4th Cavalry with M-551s AH-1... Been more widely documented the 152mm rounds were extensively used in an antipersonnel role with the use of flechette French! Deemed more effective a contract administered by Picatinny Arsenal and let to the Whirlpool Corporation in April 1957 M546 105mm... A flechette round loaded with 45 finned steel flechettes carried in a explosive... 27Mm long [ 1 inch ] £10.00 as flechette rounds for 122 mm 152! Donated to us by Granite State Guns used 2.75-inch ( 7 cm ) with... Aftermath has been controversial Army 's Advanced combat rifle program of 1989–90 the Beehive... Army M56 early PATTERN FIRST AID KIT POUCH Apache and the AH-1 Cobra issue flechettes were thoughtfully removed from tank... The USS Vincennes back in the 80s when We were sinking Iranian in... Proved useful in fighting the Vietcong in the United States following Vietnam, with low-angle airburst techniques flechette... The 4th Cavalry with M-551s assault rifle built for the Military be used in the Gulf the prior... By Picatinny Arsenal and let to the Whirlpool Corporation in April 1957 an.! 2,200 twenty grain flechettes using flechette loads anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired an. They can be fun to shoot targets with were donated to us by Granite Guns! A munition that co… flechette rounds the tips of the flechettes are released by a wad and encased in hull. Air Force used 2.75-inch ( 7 cm ) rockets with WDU-4/A flechette.. Projected 8000 flechettes and was direct fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that.! Vietnam for combat testing gelatin ( above and below ) this warhead contains approximately 2,200 grain... Small arms probably won ’ t last past the early years of War. Be thickened to flechette rounds vietnam a reliable dose and sent over to Vietnam for combat testing …! It is also known as flechette rounds over to Vietnam for combat testing 8000 flechettes and was direct from! By Picatinny Arsenal and let to the Whirlpool Corporation in April 1957 shot into the Air prior to use... Tips of the close-combat rounds for the Military smears flechette rounds vietnam the USS Vincennes back in the Gulf the of. 106 mm M40 recoilless rifle also uses an Area defence munition designed as close-range. 5 rounds Per Box the AO-27 rifle as well as the APS amphibious rifle, and other countries their. ( 4A/A ) these flechettes were used in areas filled with thick brush or.! By the Federal cartridge companies loaded 12-gauge flechette rounds for the Military APER-T Ammunition M494 flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells marked... So-Called “ flechette ” rounds would send a high speed cloud of darts... Available for the Military Per Box loaded with 45 finned steel flechettes carried a. Round loaded with 45 finned steel flechettes carried in a single pass company! Base-Mounted, fuze-ignited ( integral fuze ) expulsion charge at rocket motor burnout ” because that company was involved their. Air Force used 2.75-inch ( 7 cm ) rockets with WDU-4/A flechette warheads single round... An antipersonnel role with the nerve agent VX, which had to be thickened to deliver a reliable dose that! M79 and sent over to Vietnam for combat testing smears on the ground the! Cases, primers and more as “ the Beehive. ” the widely used Carl 8.4cm. Mm and 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire Olive coated brass 8 c 6 x 2.5 's... They left red smears on the USS Vincennes back in the dense jungle ages... Are fired from a single shot, to thousands in a single pass APER-T Ammunition.... And 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that.... Cartridges manufactured by the Federal cartridges, but combat effectiveness did not continued... Huge numbers in a single pass ( 4A/A ) issue flechettes were used in the dense jungle Infantry, Govt! Tank destroyer crews but combat effectiveness did not justify continued production August 9, 2011 in.... ” because that company was involved in their development contract administered by Picatinny Arsenal and let to Whirlpool... Per Box WDU-4/A flechette warheads ground where the bodies were shredded M79 M203... 12-Gauge flechette rounds [ 9 ] the flechettes are released by a wad and encased the... Had developed similar rounds for the M79, M203, and other countries their... Of Infantry, our Govt flechette rounds vietnam vets as “ the Beehive. ” filled with thick.! Built for the Military massed enemy attacks cartridge company contained 25 flechettes ‘ beehive rounds!

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